Bangladesh Journal of Integrated Thoughts <p><strong>Bangladesh Journal of Integrated Thoughts</strong></p> <p>ISSN (Print): 2788-5917</p> <p>ISSN (Online): 2788-5925</p> <p>The <em>Bangladesh Journal of Integrated Thoughts (BJIT)</em> is an interdisciplinary bilingual (English and Bangla) journal published by Bangladesh Institute of Islamic Thought (BIIT).</p> <p>BJIT publishes two issues per year (January – June and July – December) and receives articles all the year-round.</p> <p>All submitted manuscripts are subject to initial appraisal by the Executive Editor, and, if found suitable for further consideration, to peer review by independent, anonymous expert referees. All peer review is double-blind and submission is online via <strong><a href="">BJIT Online Submission System</a></strong><strong>.</strong></p> en-US (Bangladesh Journal of Integrated Thoughts (BJIT)) (Technical Team) Tue, 31 May 2022 00:00:00 +0800 OJS 60 BIAS: Epistemological Bias in the Physical and Social Sciences <p><em>Bias: Epistemological Bias in the Physical and Social Sciences</em> is a multi-authored book by eleven authors and edited by Abdelwahab Elmessiri. It critiques the bias in methodology and terminology suffered by the research, especially among the Third World intellectuals in general, and the Arab-Islamic world in particular. The bias, according to the book, is about the abandoning of the indigenous paradigms and biases that arise from their own existential and historical situations as a result of encountering the Western framework and paradigm as not only a foreign source but also believed to be dominant even among the Arab writers and researchers. The danger of this phenomenon is so pervasive that it tends to distort the whole process and gives serious effect to the future of the affected culture and civilization.</p> Amilah binti Awang Abd Rahman Copyright (c) 2022 Bangladesh Journal of Integrated Thoughts Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Financial Development, International Trade and Economic Growth Nexus (1971-2016): Examining Bangladesh Perspective <p>Studies have examined economic growth mostly without inspecting the combined effect of international trade (IT) and financial development (FD). Considering Bangladesh's perspective, this study investigates the nexus of IT, FD, and economic growth. Time-series econometric data covering 1971-2016 are used. Econometric techniques that are used to meet the objectives are mainly the “Augmented Dickey-Fuller” for unit root test, “Johansen and Juselius” test for co-integration and popular VECM for checking long-run equilibrium relation and causality test. The exploratory findings of this study show that a long-run equilibrium relationship exists among the IT, FD and the growth of the economy. This study also finds unidirectional or one-way long-run causality from IT and FD to the economy's growth, and in the short-run, bidirectional causality is running from IT to Economic growth and Economic Growth to IT. Policies related to further FD and trade openness are suggested for accelerating the growth of Bangladesh economy.</p> Md. Shaidul Islam, Omar Faruque, Zobayer Ahmed Copyright (c) 2022 Bangladesh Journal of Integrated Thoughts Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Customer Retention for Digital Banking: Application of ‘Nudge Theory’ <p>The aim of this paper is to examine the digital banking habit to achieve customer retention. Applying the ‘Nudge theory’, this paper examines the impact of banks’ inventiveness on changing monetary behaviour of the customers in the commercial banks. While the literature is still young, conclusions may be drawn about 1) the effects and evaluation of the banks’ products and services to nudge customers for saving more to retain customer loyalty and trust, 2) making the customers literate in personal financing knowledge to reduce the fund diversion after taking loan from banks, and 3) boosting repurchase intention of a customer.</p> Shahin Akther, Javed Tariq Copyright (c) 2022 Bangladesh Journal of Integrated Thoughts Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Student Engagement in Online Classes During COVID-19: A Sentiment Analysis <p>Especially during the COVID-19 outbreak, online classes helped with flexible and remote learning. However, the effectiveness and participation of students in online classes has yet to be determined. The purpose of this study is to see how students interact with online classrooms and how much they help them learn, focusing on the students’ engagement in online classes. This study highlights the present condition of students' involvement in online classrooms during the COVID-19 pandemic by using Azure Machine Learning for sentiment analysis from qualitative replies. Sentiment analysis is a sort of text mining that identifies and extracts subjective data from source material, allowing users to better understand social sentiment while monitoring online conversations. This method gives a clearer picture of the student's quantitative data and demonstrates a better knowledge of their feelings. The significant findings of this study are: (a) Students' academic effectiveness is not improving. (b) There is a need to restructure the academia according to online circumstances to maintain the students’ engagement. (c) Co-curricular activities have been ignored.</p> Mehedi Hasan Ifti, Paolo Saona, Muhammad Tofazzel Hossain, Shahnur Azad Chowdhury, Md. Abul Kalam Azad Copyright (c) 2022 Bangladesh Journal of Integrated Thoughts Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0800